Every professional discipline has its fundamental concepts. In EdTech it's called Instructional Systems Design (ISD). ISD has many variations, most of which are offshoots of a model known as A.D.D.I.E. (right), which stands for:
- Analyze the challenge to determine the best solutions. Do performance assessments and task analysis. Decide what to build. It could be a paper-based tutorial, web page, website, online class, in-person training, software system, help desk, or mobile support tool.
- Design it. Test rough drafts with actual learners. Make changes.
- Develop it into a working unit. Test it. Get it running smoothly in the system it will be delivered in, such as a website.
- Implement it within the organization. Manage the change it brings. Test it. Institutionalize it. Inculturate it.
- Evaluateits effectiveness. Does it teach what it is supposed to? How do you know?
Theories and Practices
Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism form the backbone of the learning theories in educational technology. New potential theories are constantly emerging as well, such as Connectivism. See below for videos on these theories.